Such perfect timing for Black History Month in the UK and the 40th Anniversary of Black Cultural Archives the only national heritage centre dedicated to collecting, preserving, and celebrating the histories of African and Caribbean people in Britain.

TfL and BCA have launched The London Transport Tube map reimagined with tube lines renamed to represent over 270 Black icons across the ages: Pre-Tudor, Georgian, and Victorian, to present times. Also including their very own Len Garrison 1943 – 2003 noted at Warren Street who was an Educationalist, community activist, and historian.

This map serves to celebrate the rich and varied contribution African and Caribbean people have made to British life over the last two thousand years.

A Brief
List of Icons on the Black History Tube Map


AG Minns 1858 – 1930  
Medical doctor and the first Black mayor in Britain 

Ade Bashorun 1916 – 2002  
Nigerian Percussionist 

Africanus Horton 1835 – 1883  
Writer and esteemed medical surgeon, at the time he was called the ‘father of of African political thought’ 

Ambrose Campbell 1919 – 2006 
Arnos Grove 
Nigerian musician who formed Britain’s first black band 

Amryl Johnson 1944 – 2001  
Highbury & Islington 
Writer whose works featured the diasporic nature of her life and the hostility she faced in Britain 

Amy A Garvey 1897 – 1969 
Pan-African Activist, founder of the Negro World newspaper and wife of Marcus Garvey 



BLK Arts Group 1979  
Oxford Circus 
Black arts collective formed in Wolverhampton 

Barbara Burford 1944 – 2010  
Medical researcher, civil servant, and writer, with an award in her name to recognise LGBT invididuals who have excelled in their field 

Baron Baker 1925 – 1996  
Belsize Park 
Campaigner for racial justice and known as the ‘man who discovered Brixton’ and with others established a black community in the area 

Ben Enwonwu  1914 – 1994  
White City 
Painter and sculptor, celebrated as ‘Africa’s Greatest Artist’

Black Cultural Archives 1981 – present  
The only national heritage centre dedicated to collecting, preserving, and celebrating the histories of African and Caribbean people in Britain 

Briton Hammon Dates Unknown  
Mansion House 
His autobiography published in 1760 and considered to be the first enslaved narrative for a Black American, recounts his imprisonment, daring escapes, and travel to the UK before returning to the US 

Buchi Emecheta  1944 – 2017  
Walthamstow Central 
Novelist and author of more than 20 books 


CLR James 1901 – 1989  
Historian, journalist, and Marxist whose novel was the first to be published by a Black West Indian in 1936 

Cab Kaye 1921 – 2000  
Hatton Cross 
Jazz singer and pianist who combined jazz techniques with his Ghanian heritage. His refusal to play when a patron was refused entry to one of his shows due to their race led to regular acceptance of Black people at public UK venues 

Chinwe Chukwuogo-Roy 1952 – 2012  
Bethnal Green 
Visual artist and one of two Nigerian-born artists to paint official portraits Queen Elizabeth II 

Christian F Cole 1852 – 1885  
Dagenham East 
Sierra Leonese lawyer and the first African barrister to practice in English courts 

Claudia Jones 1915 – 1964  
Camden Town  
Journalist and Communist political activist. Founder of Britain’s first major black newspaper, the West Indian Gazette and a co-founder of Notting Hill Carnival 


David Pitt 1913 – 1994  
Politician, general practitioner, and political activist 

Davidson Nicol 1924 – 1994  
North Harrow 
Academic, physician, diplomat, poet, and writer 

Dorothy Kuya  1932 – 2013  
Chalk Farm 
Human rights activist was involved in establishing Liverpool’s International Slavery Museum and served as chair of London housing association Ujima which became the largest Black-led social enterprise in Europe 


Edmund Jenkins 1894 – 1926  
American composer during the Harlem Renaissance who studied at the Royal Academy of Music in London and composed the award-winning African War Dance 

Esther Bruce 1912 – 1994  
A seamstress whose autobiography became the first to document the life of a Black working-class woman in Britain 


Fanny Coker 1767 – 1820  
Freed woman who was based in Bristol 

Felix Hercules 1888 – 1930s  
Clapham North 
Journalist, Pan-Africanist, and one of the founders of the Society for Peoples of African Origin and the African Progress Union 


George Africanus c1763 – 1834  
Edgware Road (Circle) 
Won his freedom from enslavement and then became Nottingham’s first Black entrepreneur 

George Berry Dates Unknown 
Goodge Street 
London’s first black pub owner and licensee. The Coach and Horse pub in Brixton was burnt down in a racist fire attack in 1965  

George Padmore 1901 – 1959  
Colliers Wood 
Journalist, activist, and principal organiser of the Manchester Pan-African Conference in 1945 and was an adviser to Kwame Nkrumah 


H Sylvester-Williams 1869 – 1911  
Totteridge & Whetstone 
Lawyer, councillor, and writer who was involved in the Pan African Movement 

Harold Jackman 1901 – 1961  
Canary Wharf 
British born teacher and patron of the arts who was known for his involvement in the Harlem Renaissance and gay community 

Henri Jetto  c1569 – 1627  
Yeoman and first Black person to vote in Britain 


Ignatius Sancho c1729 – 1780 
Sloane Square  
Abolitionist and writer 

Ivor Cummings 1913 – 1992  
Openly gay senior civil servant who devoted much of his life to serving Black citizens who arrived in the UK from Caribbean and African colonies. He was dubbed the gay father of the Windrush generation as he took charge to launch them into British life 


Janet Adegoke 1942 – 1987  
Nine Elms 
First Black woman to serve as Mayor of Hammersmith and Fulham 

Jerry Williams c1926 – 2017  
West Finchley 
Trade unionist and community worker, who later became the first Black Mayor of Camden 

Jessica Huntley 1927 – 2013  
Tottenham Hale 
Publisher, and a women’s and community activist and founded Bogle-L’Ouverture Publications in 1969 

Jocelyn Barrow 1929 – 2020  
Woodside Park 
Educator, community activist, and politician, who later became the first Black woman to hold the position of governor of the BBC. She also became the first Black ‘Dame’ for her services to broadcasting 

John Archer 1863 – 1932  
Battersea Power Station 
First Black Mayor of London and founding president of the African Progress Union 

John Edmonstone c1820 – 1890  
Upminster Bridge 
Taught taxidermy to students at the University of Edinburgh including Charles Darwin 

Jon Daniel 1966 – 2017  
Award-winning Creative Director who was responsible for branding Black History Month 


Katherine Auker c1684 – Unknown  
King’s Cross St Pancras  
Took her enslaver to court in 1690 for unfair employment restrictions and won 

Khadija Saye 1992 – 2017  
Gants Hill 
Her work as a photographer explored her Gambian-British identity. The London Transport Museum launched a photography fellowship in her name after her death in the Grenfell fire 


Len Garrison 1943 – 2003  
Warren Street  
Educationalist, community activist, and historian. Founded the Black Cultural Archives in 1980 to collect, preserve and celebrate the histories of Caribbean and African people in Britain 

Len Woodley 1927 – 2020  
Barrister and the first person of Afro-Caribbean heritage to become a Queen’s Counsel 

Lilian Bader 1918 – 2015  
Kew Gardens  
One of the first black women who joined the British Armed Forces. She became a Leading Aircraft Woman and was then promoted to the rank of Corporal 

Lionel Morrison 1935 – 2016  
Hendon Central  
Journalist and the first Black person to hold the office of the President of the National Union of Journalists 


Marcus Garvey 1887 – 1940  
High Barnet  
Political activist, publisher, journalist, entrepreneur, and orator. He called for unity between Africans and the diaspora and campaigned for an end to European colonial rule across Africa 

Mary Prince c1788 – 1833  
West Kensington  
Abolitionist, autobiographer and was the first Black woman to present an anti-slavery petition to Parliament 

Mary Seacole 1805 – 1881  
Nurse and businesswoman 

Mollie Hunte 1932 – 2015  
Educational Psychologist advocating for fairer treatment of black children in schools 


Nana Bonsu 1930 – 2003  
Born Beresford Evans, he was the chairman for the Manchester branch of the Pan African Congress Movement and regional secretary for the Campaign Against Racial Discrimination, which encouraged the government to bring in the 1976 Race Relations Act 


Olaudah Equiano c1745 – 1797  
St. James’s Park  
Writer and abolitionist 

Olive Morris 1952 – 1979  
Finchley Central  
Radical activist who was heavily involved in the feminist, Black Nationalist, and squatters rights campaigns of the 1970s. She was also a founding member of Brixton Black Women’s group 


Philip Quaque  1714 – 1816  
The first African to be ordained as a minister by the Church of England 

Princess Ademola 1916 – present  
Nigerian Princess and nurse 

Princess Tshai 1919 – 1942  
Finchley Road  
Daughter of Emperor Haile Selassie who trained as a nurse in London and became Ethiopia’s first national nurse when she returned to her homeland 


R B A Wellesley-Cole 1907 – 1995  
Ealing Broadway  
First West African to become a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons in England 

Ras Makonnen 1852 – 1906  
Military leader, governor, and father of Emperor Haile Selassie 

Robert Broadhurst 1859 – 1948  
Clapham South  
Pan-Africanist, journalist, and Vice President of the United African League 


Sam King 1926 – 2016 
Passenger on Empire Windrush who later became a campaigner for West Indians living in the UK. He also became the first Black Mayor of Southwark 

Sara Baartman  c1789 – 1815 
Goldhawk Road   
South African Khoikhoi woman who, due to European objectification of her buttocks, was exhibited as a freak show attraction in London 
Shim Sham Club 1930s  
Dollis Hill  
Soho-based members club influenced by the Harlem Renaissance and welcomed Black, Queer and Jewish Londoners 

Stuart Hall 1932 – 2014  
East Ham  
Sociologist, cultural theorist, and political activist who was also responsible for the first-ever cultural studies course in the UK 


TES Scholes c1858 – 1940  
Moor Park  
Baptist missionary, medical doctor and political commentator. He published a critique of the Colonial Secretary’s benefits which were only available to white British subjects 

The Africa Centre 1964 – present 
Cultural centre initially founded as a friendly meeting place for Africans living in London 

The Yaa Centre 1986 – present  
Notting Hill Gate 
Afro-Caribbean arts and community centre named after Yaa Asantewaa, politician, Queen, and human rights activist 


Ukawsaw Gronniosaw  c1705 – 1775  
High Street Kensington 
His 1772 enslaved narrative autobiography made him the first published African man in Britain 

Uzo Egonu 1931 – 1996 
Artist who settled in Britain after the war and whose works combined the visual language of Western and African art 


Val McCalla 1943 – 2002  
Turnham Green 
Launched The Voice weekly newspaper in 1982 focussing on Black interests in Britain 

Vincent Reid 1935 – 2001  
South Wimbledon 
Pioneering educator of African and Caribbean history 


Walter Tull 1888 – 1918  
Stonebridge Park 
Professional footballer and British Army officer 

William Clarke 1895 – 1981  
First Black airman to fly for Britain during WWI 

An extensive list of the icon listed on the TFL Map can be found via BCA.


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